In December of 1989, the Navajo Nation Council by Resolution CD-68-89 separated the Chairman and Vice-Chairman of the Navajo Nation Council into a new branch of government now known as the Executive Branch, comprised of the President and Vice-President of the Navajo Nation. The reorganization of the Navajo Nation Government was intended to be temporary to meet the immediate needs of the Navajo People for a more responsible and accountable government. The Council also recognized the reorganization to provide for separation of functions into three branches, and provide for checks and balances between the three branches until the Navajo People decide through the Government Reform Project the form of government they want to be governed by.
Nelson v. Initiative Committee to Reduce Navajo Nation Council, No. SC-CV-03-10 (2010)
"We previously held in Morgan that “the Council through the recitals of the Resolution CD-68-89 made a solemn compact with the People that the structure will be temporary and left it up to the People to choose the final structure of government.” Affirming the power of the People to choose their form of government, we stated:
The recitals in Resolution CD-68-89 operate as a promise. Through the Title II Amendments, the Council acted to stabilize Navajo Nation government in face of corruption and chartered a course for further reform and enhancements. The Council recognized that the power over the structure of the Navajo government “is ultimately in the hands of the People and it will look to the People to guide it.”